The author discusses in this work the regional diversity of peasants` clothes in Poland and attempts to explain its causes. She thinks that differentiation was cansed by various historical, social, economical, andecological conditions of life of the inhabitants of particular regions. Often the cause was the early development of textile industry in the region or the introduction of market economy in the village. Colourful, richly decorated clothes based on factory made fabric appeared then, whereas in the regions distant from cities and industrial centres, self-made, plain, archaically designed clothes prevailed.
The pettern scheme of changes in Polish folk clothes as follows:
A -the XV - XIX centuries - the changes occur underexternal influences, while the peasants clothes, although they become closer to the wear of other social strata and foreign ethnic groups, retain their separateness.
B - the second half of the XIX - beginning of the XX century - the changes occur in the village community garment under the influence of mass introduction of factory made materials, which in case of ceremonial or festive wear serve only to enrich its forms with retaining its specifics. The situation is different in case of traditional everday clothes - they gradually disappear replaced by clothes in towns
C- the XX century - factory made fabric dominates. Traditional clothes remain only as ceremonial or festive wear. Although they become more and more a sign of a group`s identity, they are supposed to cause external effects rathes than internal ones (influencing the group itself). They are not subject to changes in their principal forms however the embelishment and variety of colours continually develop. They become more and more theatrical to be shown at the scene by the members of folk teams. In many regions they are only reconstruction, scene costumes, in many others they were completely forgotten. Particular regional and ethnographic clothes are presented in detali in the work as well.